Glossary

Giddens, Anthony (1938) is a British sociologist and known for his work on time-space relations. He argues that relations being played out between different people are becoming increasingly distanciated, stretched out in time and space (Holloway & Hubbard, 2001).

Global Village refers to the term introduced by Marshall McLuhan in 1964, which describes a society where everyone is able to experience the meaningful social interaction associated with ‘traditional’ village life, but on a global scale (Holloway & Hubbard, 2001).

Globalization is the increasing interconnectedness of different parts of the world through common processes of economic, environmental, political and cultural change (Knox & Marston, 2007)

Glocalization is a term introduced by Georg Ritzer and refers to the world as growing more pluralistic. Glocalization theory sees individuals and groups as important and creative agents (Ritzer, 2004).

Grobalization is a term introduced by Georg Ritzer and describes the world as increasingly similar. It is a process in which growth imperatives push organisations and nations to expand globally and to impose themselves on the local. Grobalization theory tends to minimize differences within and between areas of the world (Ritzer, 2004).

Hägerstrand, Torsten (1916-2004) is a Swedish geographer and the founder of the behavioural approach within time-space geography. This approach to understanding spatial behaviour was based on the idea that space and time are resources on which individuals can draw in order to realize personal activities or projects. Hägerstrand stressed the importance of time-space in shaping the daily movements necessary for personal survival and development (Holloway & Hubbard, 2001).

McLuhan, Marshall (1911-1980) is a Canadian scientist who is known for his work on globalisation, especially the faster flows of goods, information and people around the world. In the 1960s he captured the essence of this and coined the term ‘global village’ (Murray, 2006).

Place is ‘a specific geographic setting with distinctive physical, social and cultural attributes’ (Knox & Marston, 2007).

Ritzer, Georg (1940) is an American sociologist and known for his distinctive contributions to the study of consumption, globalization and classical, modern and postmodern social theory (www.georgritzer.com).

Social Network Sites are web-based services that afford users the capabilities of earlier applications (instant messaging and blogs), such as exchanging private messages and uploading user generated content (blogs, pictures, videos), as well as many new ones such as finding old friends and making new friends, having networks of friends that are ‘public’ and viewing ‘new feeds’ or ‘ activity updates’ that detail what is happening in the lives of people in one’s online network (Subrahmanyam & Greenfield, 2008).

Time-space distanciation is a term first used by Anthony Giddens and supports the idea that a deterritorialization process is occurring, taking social life away from the ‘fixities of tradition’ (Holloway & Hubbard, 2001).

Weber, Max (1864-1920) is a German sociologist and is seen as one of the founders of sociology. He argued that the modern Western world was characterized by an increasing tendency towards the predominance of formally rational systems and that the rest of the world was coming under the sway of these systems (Ritzer, 2004).